READING BIODIVERSITY IN HOWARD NEMEROV AND WILLIAM STANLEY MERWIN‟S POEMS: TOWARD BUILDING ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY
Poetry acts as an ecological agent. It builds one‘s awareness of the interconnectedness among any organisms in the physical environment. In this material anthropocentric world, humans tend to do excessive activities that further have detrimental impacts on the conservation of biodiversity. Ecopoems such as those of Howard Nemerov and William Stanley Merwin are among those which raise human awareness of looking into any life forms in the natural world as coexistent beings and having inherent values. Trees for instance not only shelter any other living creatures, but also absorb the very dense amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere so that this helps to assuage climate warming. Animals in like manner have indispensable roles in food webs for ecosystem sustainability. Their esteem for trees and animals is the very epitome of human ecocentric view in order to evoke one‘s conscience about the urgency of the various natural beings. Their vegetal and animal poetics further serves as wisdom that conserving the biotic life begins with the cognizance to cherish the Mother Nature despite human use of natural resources for fulfilling daily necessities.