POLITENESS IN INTERLANGUAGE PRAGMATICS OF REQUEST PERFORMED BY EFL LEARNERS

  • Wisma Wijayanti Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Agus Wijayanto Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Sri Marmanto Universitas Sebelas Maret

Abstract

Without understanding the aspects of requestives, it would be difficult to make speech act production of request in the right way. It could be offensive and trigger the face threatening act (FTA) to the hearer if it is not conveyed politely. This study investigates Indonesian EFL learners‘s production of politeness in request speech act. It also examines the relationship between the use of politeness in requests and the social variables, such as power and social distance. The data were elicited from 10 Indonesian EFL learners through Discourse Completion Task (DCT). The result shows that not all types of request strategies proposed by Trosborg (1995) are employed by the EFL learners. Regarding to politeness, they apply all types of Brown and Levinson‘ politeness strategies (1987) in expressing requests, such as bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness, and off record. The most dominant politeness strategy used by the EFL learners is negative politeness while the least one is off record. Social variables, such as power and social distance influence the way in which they express politeness expressions. The study of politeness in interlanguage pragmatics could provide positive knowledge of the learners‘ understanding of pragmatic competence and the application of politeness theories in classroom interaction, especially in EFL classroom interaction.

Published
2019-09-16