AN INVESTIGATION OF LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES USED BY GOOD LANGUAGE LEARNERS IN SPEAKING SKILL

  • Wulan Septikawati Sebelas Maret University
  • Diah Kristina Sebelas Maret University
  • Joko Nurkamto Sebelas Maret University

Abstract

In learning language, especially in speaking class, 9 there will be a variety of performance among the learners. Some learners are more effective at learning than others. Pilot studies revealed that effective learners, called successful/ good learners, use a wide range of language learning strategies. This study investigated language learning strategies used by good EFL learners. It further aimed at finding learning strategies employed by good EFL learners, describing how the learners apply those strategies, and identifying factors that influence them in selecting their strategies. The researcher conducted a case study in a private school in Surakarta. To collect the data, the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL; Oxford, 1990) was administered to good EFL learners. Moreover, the researcher also used dept interview, observation, and document analysis to collect the data in the research. Then, the collected data were analyzed by using Miles and Huberman model consisting of three steps, i.e. data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing and verification. The finding showed the participants employed various strategies in their language learning such as cognitive, metacognitive, social, memory, compensation, and affective strategies. They also used technologies to enhance their strategies in language learning, for instance, games and social media. Besides, the learners selected those strategies based on two main factors; they are internal and external factor. The findings have significant implication for teacher planning to boost the use of language learning strategies among EFL learners, especially in speaking skill.

Published
2019-09-16